Key research studies on early learning effectiveness

Key research studies on early learning effectiveness

A powerful research case backs up the Obama administration's Preschool for All proposal. Here are some of the key studies:

Barnett, W. S., & Masse, L. N. (2007). Early childhood program design and economic returns: Comparative benefit-cost analysis of the Abecedarian program and policy implications, Economics of Education Review, 26, 113-125. Retrieved from

Barnett, W. S. & Nores, M. (2012).Estimated Participation and Hours in Early Care and Education by Type of Arrangement and Income at Ages 2 to 4 in 2010. National Institute for Early Educational Research, 1-19. Retrieved from

Barnett, W.S., Jung, K., Youn, M., Frede, E. Abbott Preschool Program Longitudinal Effects Study: Fifth Grade Follow-Up (2013). Rutgers, NJ: National Institute for Early Education Research, 1-34. Retrieved from

Bartik, T. J., Gormley, W., & Adelstein, S. (2011). Earnings benefits of Tulsa's pre-K program for different income groups. Economics of Education Review. 31(6), December 2012, 1143-1161.

Campbell, F. A., Ramey, C. T., Pungello, E. P., Sparling, J., & Miller-Johnson, S. (2002). Early childhood education: Young adult outcomes from the Abecedarian Project. Applied Developmental Science, 6, 42-57.

Campbell, F.A., Pungello, E. P., Burchinal, M., Kainz, K., Pan, Y.; Wasik, B.H., Barbarin, O.A., Sparling, J.J., & Ramey, C.T. (2012) Adult outcomes as a function of an early childhood educational program: An Abecedarian Project follow-up. Developmental Psychology, 48(4), 1033-1043.

Deming, D. (2009). Early childhood intervention and life-cycle skill development: Evidence from Head Start. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 1(3), 111-134.

Garces, Eliana, Duncan Thomas and Janet Currie (2002). "Longer-Term Effects Of Head Start," American Economic Review, 92(4), 999-1012. Retrieved from

Gormley Jr., W. T., Gayer, T., Phillips, D., & Dawson, B.(2005). The effects of universal pre-k on cognitive development. Journal of Developmental Psychology, 41(6), 872-884. Retrieved from effects of universal pre-K.pdf

Gormley, W. T., Phillips, D., & Gayer, T. (2008). Preschool programs can boost school readiness. Science, 320(5884), 1723. Retrieved from

Heckman, J. J., & Kautz, T. D. (2012). Hard evidence on soft skills. National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Paper 18121.

Heckman, J. J., Moon, S. H., Pinto, R., Savelyev, P. A., Yavitz, A. (2009). The rate of return to the High/Scope Perry Preschool Program. National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper 15471. Retrieved from

Heckman, J. J., Moon, S. H., Pinto, R., Savelyev, P. A., Yavitz, A. (2010). A New cost-benefit and rate of return analysis for the Perry Preschool Program: A Summary. National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper 16180. Retrieved from

Lamy, C., Barnett, W. S., & Jung, K. (2005). The effects of New Jersey's Abbott preschool program on young children's school readiness. National Institute for Early Education Research Rutgers University, 1-16. Retrieved from

Lipsey, M.,Farran, D. ,Bilbrey,C.,Hoffer, K.,Dong, N. (2011). Initial Results of the Evaluation of the Tennessee Voluntary PreK Program. Peabody Research Institute, Vanderbilt University, 1-41. Retrieved from

OECD (2012). Education at a Glance 2012: OECD Indicators. OECD Publishing. Retrieved from

Reynolds, A. J., Temple, J. A., Robertson, D. L., & Mann, E. A. (2002). Age 21 cost-benefit analysis of the Title I Chicago Child-Parent Centers. (2002). Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 24(4 24-267-303), 264-303.

Reynolds, A.J., Temple, J.A., Robertson, D.L., Mann, E. (2001). Long term effects of an early childhood intervention on educational achievement and juvenile arrest. Journal of the American Medical Association, 285 (18). Retrieved from

Reynolds, A. J., Temple, J. A., White, B. A. B., Ou, S., & Robertson, D. L. (2011). Age 26 cost-benefit analysis of the Child-Parent Center early education program. Child Development, 82(1), 379 404.

Schweinhart, L. J., Montie, J., Xiang, Z., Barnett, W. S., Belfield, C. R., & Nores, M. (2005). Lifetime effects: The High/Scope Perry Preschool study through age 40. Monographs of the High/Scope Educational Research Foundation, 14. Ypsilanti, MI: High/Scope Educational Research Foundation.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families (January 2010). Head Start Impact Study. Final Report. Washington, DC.

Weiland, C., & Yoshikawa, H. (2013). The impacts of an urban public prekindergarten program on children's mathematics, language, literacy, executive function, and emotional skills. Child Development (in press).