Equity of Opportunity
Equity of Opportunity
"We are true to our creed when a little girl born into the bleakest poverty knows that she has the same chance to succeed as anybody else."
President Barack Obama
America is not yet the country it strives to bea place where all who are willing to work hard can get ahead, join a thriving middle class, and lead fulfilling lives. Our country derives much of its strength from its core value as a land of opportunity. But, today, economic mobility is actually greater in a number of other countries. Despite this challenge, we know how to work toward the solution: access to a world-class education can help to ensure that all children in this country with dreams and determination can reach their potential and succeed.
Yet, far too many students, especially in underserved groups and communities, lack robust access to the core elements of a quality education. That includes free, quality preschool; high, challenging standards and engaging teaching and leadership in a safe, supportive, and well-resourced school; and an affordable, high-quality college degree.
The challenge of ensuring educational equity is formidable. Our country's international competitors are improving faster than we are educationally, and many are having greater success in closing achievement gapswhich remain stubbornly wide in the United States. Structural barriers, including inequitable funding systems, impede our progress. While one might expect schools in low-income communities to receive extra resources, the reverse is often true; a Department of Education study found that 45 percent of high-poverty schools received less state and local funding than was typical for other schools in their district.
We also know that traditionally underserved students, including minorities and low-income students, attend and complete college at far lower rates than their peers. These students are suspended, expelled, and drop out at higher rates, and are less likely to have access to strong teachers and challenging curricula. As just one striking example, a recent study of the Advanced Placement exam in computer science found that in 11 states, no African-American students took the exam; in eight states, no Hispanic students participated.
Recognizing these disparities, the Obama Administration is committed to advancing equity in education. That commitment underlies nearly every significant activity for the U.S. Department of Education. We're motivated in this work because we recognize the power of education to transform lives.
A Focus on Educational Equity
Over the last seven years, the Obama Administration has fought to improve outcomes for underserved students through its major education initiatives by supporting states in their efforts to ensure quality teaching in every classroom; raise standards for all students; build systems to improve instruction; and significantly improve low-performing schools.
These aims also underlie foundational formula grant programs, such as those funded through Title I and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), as well as competitive programs developed by this Administration, including Promise Neighborhoods, and Investing in Innovation.
The new Every Student Succeeds Act builds on many priorities of this Administration and includes provisions that will help to ensure success for students and schools. Additionally, the President's Ladders of Opportunity and Promise Zones initiatives aim to make rapid, positive change in communities of concentrated poverty. And, in 2015, the Administration provided first-time funding for Native Youth Community Projects to help Native-American and Alaska-Native communities identify and overcome key barriers to improving educational and life outcomes for Native youth.
Funds that support low-income and disabled students (including Pell Grants, which help families to afford college) make up about three-quarters of the funds that the Department distributes. Many of the Department's core activities, such as the enforcement of civil rights laws and regulations, also directly aim to improve equity. In this effort, the Administration has benefited from the guidance of the Equity and Excellence Commission, the work of the President's My Brother's Keeper initiative, which seeks to ensure better outcomes for all young peopleparticularly young men and boys of colorand the White House Council on Women and Girls.
In 2014, The Departments of Education and Justice, released a first-ever package of guidance and resource materials intended to ensure greater equity in schools by helping districts and educators to address the overuse of exclusionary discipline and disproportionate discipline rates for students of color and students with disabilities. In July 2015, the White House supported this effort by hosting teams of superintendents, principals, and teachers from across the country at a groundbreaking conference to advance the national conversation on positive school climates.
Thanks, in part, to these efforts, America's students are making important progress.
Progress for Students
- More students than ever are being taught to college- and career-ready standards, and high-quality preschool and higher education are within reach for more families.
- Our high school graduation rate is the highest ever, at 82 percent, with improvements for students with disabilities, English learners, and other traditionally underserved students.
- Our high school dropout rate is at a historic low, following steady decreases. The greatest progress has been among minorities.
- College continues to be the best investment people can make in their futures. College enrollment for black and Hispanic students is up by more than a million since 2008.
Support for Expanding Equity in the Fiscal Year 2017 Budget
The 2017 budget continues to support expanded educational opportunity for all students in three key areas: high-quality early learning; stronger and more diverse schools; and increased access to evidence and data to drive informed decision-making and better results for students.Boosting access to high-quality early learning
- A renewed call for enactment of President Obama's mandatory, $75 billion Preschool for All proposal, which would provide universal high-quality preschool programs for all 4-year-olds from low- and moderate-income families
- The budget also includes:
- $350 million in discretionary funding for the jointly administered Preschool Development Grants program with the Department of Health and Human Services. This amount includes an additional $100 million over the 2016 enacted level to support 18 states' efforts to expand high-quality preschool.
- An $80 million increase over the 2016 enacted level for preschool and early intervention services for children with disabilities through IDEA Preschool Grants and the IDEA Infants and Toddlers program.
Supporting local innovation to create stronger, more diverse schools
- $15.4 billion, for Title I Grants to local educational agencies to ensure all students graduate from high school prepared for college and careers. A portion of the proposed increase would be dedicated to state and local school improvement activities.
- $120 million in grants to launch Stronger Together, a voluntary program to fund new and existing community-driven strategies to increase socioeconomic diversity in America's schools
- $350 million for Charter School Grants, an increase of $17 million over the 2016 enacted level, and $115 million for Magnet Schools Assistance, an increase of $18 million over the 2016 enacted level, to support the Department's ongoing commitment to the expansion of high-quality schools and public school choice options
- $4 billion in mandatory funds over three years to launch Computer Science for All, supporting state efforts to expand access for all students to computer science instruction and other rigorous coursework, including STEM subjects. The budget also includes $100 million in discretionary funds for Computer Science for All Development Grants for school districts
- $128 million, including an increase of $55 million, to significantly expand the number of distressed communities across the nation implementing comprehensive cradle-to-college-and-career Promise Neighborhoods projects.