U.S. Department of Education Releases School Improvement Grant (SIG) Data Analysis
December 11, 2013
The U.S. Department of Education is reviewing and revising the School Improvement Grant (SIG) analysis released to the public on Nov. 21, 2013. This review began after the Department discovered and the contractor that performed the analysis confirmed that their programmers erroneously excluded schools from the analysis. One specific example of these programming errors was the incorrect exclusion of all SIG schools in states that had an assessment change at either the elementary or high school level, when only schools affected by the assessment change should have been removed. In addition to any other necessary changes, the new analysis will include more schools than the previous analysis, therefore, the results may change. In an effort to be cautious and ensure accuracy, we have removed the analysis from our website. We hope to post updated slides on the Office of School Turnaround website in January 2014. Please note that the errors were solely in the analysis of SIG schools and have no effect on the SY 2011-12 school- and district-level assessment data, which also was published on data.gov on Nov. 21, 2013.
The U.S. Department of Education announced today the release of 2011-12 school and district-level state assessment data and a brief analysis of School Improvement Grant (SIG) schools. The Department's analysis compares the average proficiency rates of SIG schools in the 2011-12 school year to rates in the year prior to receiving grants.
The SIG program is a key component of the Department's strategy for helping states and districts turn around the nation's lowest-performing schools. Under the Obama Administration, more than 1,500 schools have implemented comprehensive turnaround interventions aimed at drastically improving achievement. Cohort 1 schools began implementing SIG turnarounds during the 2010-11 school year and Cohort 2 schools began implementing turnarounds during the 2011-12 school year. The brief analysis that accompanies today's announcement shows continued progress across various SIG models, school levels and locations. Despite historically difficult learning environments, SIG schools have increased proficiency rates in math and reading, demonstrating the importance of targeted investments over time.
"The progress, while incremental, indicates that local leaders and educators are leading the way to raising standards and achievement and driving innovation over the next few years," said U.S. Education Secretary Arne Duncan. "To build on this success in our disadvantaged communities, we must expand the most effective practices to accelerate progress for students and prepare them for success in college and careers."
Additional Highlights from the SIG Data release:
SIG schools are making gains – on average, proficiency rates have increased in both math and reading. Because of changes in state assessments and school structure, not all SIG schools could be compared over multiple years of data. For this reason, the analysis includes roughly half of SIG Cohort 1 schools and about two-thirds of Cohort 2 schools.
On average, Cohort 1 schools continued to improve in the second year of receiving SIG funds
When compared to all schools nationally, SIG Cohort 1 schools demonstrate larger increases in average proficiency rates in both math and reading, while Cohort 2 schools demonstrate larger increases in math, but similar increases in reading
On average, Cohort 1 and 2 SIG schools show gains across all SIG models
On average, Cohort 1 SIG schools show gains across all school levels, while Cohort 2 schools show small gains for some school levels, but not for others
On average, Cohort 1 SIG schools show gains across all localities, while Cohort 2 schools show small gains for some localities, but remain constant for others
- On average, Cohort 1 and 2 SIG schools show larger gains in math than in reading
Examples from schools:
At Oak Hill Elementary School, in a high poverty area of Guilford County, N.C., the school day was extended by 45 minutes and the school year by 10 days to give struggling students extra one-on-one time with teachers. Kindergarten teachers conduct home visits, and other teachers touch base with parents monthly to talk about their child's progress. These efforts, among others, worked: student performance scores in math rose from 59 percent in SY 2009-10 to 86 percent in SY2011-12. In reading, scores rose from 34 to 50 percent, and science skyrocketed from 34 percent to 85 percent. The school, ranked last among elementary schools in Guilford County three years ago, is now 28th in the district.
At Baltimore's Frederick Douglass High School, the second oldest historically integrated public high school in the United States, the dropout rate was cut in half and proficiency in English language arts jumped from 41 percent to 53 percent in the first year of the grant. Scores have continued to improve at the school with nearly 90 percent Free and Reduced Lunch enrollment. The school opened a night school where students can get tutoring or take credit recovery classes and added a recording and media production studio where career and technical students can train. The school also began offering students the chance to take dual enrollment classes at nearby Baltimore City Community College.
Findley Elementary School in Des Moines, IA, instituted a strong leadership focus, unwavering emphasis on Iowa Core academic standards, and an intense attention to data. Math proficiency rose from 59 percent in SY 2009-10 to 67 percent in SY2011-12. During the same timeframe, Findley improved its proficiency in reading from 54 to 72 percent.
This release continues the department's commitment to transparency of school-level data to better inform parents, community members and the general public about changes in schools in their communities.
The data being released are reported to the Department under the requirements of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, as amended, and are available at www.data.gov, the administration's online site providing public access to high-value, machine-readable datasets generated by the executive branch of the federal government. New tables are being published as part of this release and may be accessed by visiting http://explore.data.gov or by accessing the files directly:
The SIG analysis is available at: http://www2.ed.gov/programs/sif/sigassessmentrpt-cohort1-2.pdf
Since the SIG program began three years ago, the Department has released national- and school-level data for SIG schools and SIG leading indicator data in June 2013. In addition, the Department has released full school-level assessment data for SY 2008-9 through SY 2010-11.