Progress in Action: Celebrating Hispanic Educational Achievement

Crossposted from the President Obama and the Hispanic Community blog.

The following article was published on Univision.com. You can read the original article in Spanish HERE.

Each year, in honor of Hispanic Heritage Month we recognize and celebrate the rich histories and significant contributions made by Hispanics throughout this great nation. With over 54 million people, Hispanics are the largest, youngest, and fastest-growing minority group, and will represent 70 percent of our nation’s population growth between 2015 and 2060. From preschool to postsecondary education, Hispanic representation is palpable. Hispanics now make up the majority of students in our public schools, with 1 out of every 4 students in K-12 grades. Similarly, college enrollment is up more for Hispanics than any other group.

Earlier this year the President said that 2014 would be a “year of action”. In this spirit, the White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for Hispanics (Initiative) officially launched our “Anniversary Year of Action” – a call to action to expand upon the progress and achievement made in Hispanic education.

As a community, we have made significant progress. According to the Census Bureau (2011), the Hispanic high school dropout rate has been cut in half from 28 percent in 2000 to 14 percent in 2011.The  Hispanic graduation rate has increased to 76 percent – an all-time high. College enrollment among Hispanics reached a record high and continues to increase. In 2012, the college enrollment rate among 18-to-24-year-old Hispanic high school graduates was over 49 percent, up from 31 percent in 2002.

We recognize there is more work to do and that it’s a shared responsibility—everyone will have a role to play in ensuring the continued success of our community. Over the coming year we will highlight “Bright Spots” that are providing a quality early childhood education, robust and rigorous K-12 education experiences, supporting increased participation in STEM courses, promoting promising practices, partnerships, and institutions of higher education that are graduating more Latinos ready and prepared to enter the competitive workforce, preparing more Hispanics into the teaching profession, while highlighting collaborative efforts supporting our young Hispanic girls and boys through the President’s initiative My Brother’s Keeper.

We will continue working towards the President’s 2020 goal of once again leading the world in college completion. Over the last 12 months, the Initiative has been deeply committed to amplifying the Administration’s education agenda, building partnerships and expanding commitments to support education for Hispanics, while also highlighting the Hispanic community’s progress. Through a number of activities – from national policy forums and back-to-school tours to webinars and twitter chats – we reached over 100,000 stakeholders around the United States and Puerto Rico. We heard from parents, students, non-profit, state and local government, business and philanthropy leaders, and educators about their work and challenges. Through strategic outreach and engagement, we learned that the Hispanic community is not only making great strides but eager to reframe the narrative.

We look forward to building on previous successes and producing more helpful tools like our “¡Gradúate! A Financial Aid Guide to Success”, published this May. The bilingual guide – designed to help students and families navigate the college enrollment and financial aid process includes key information about federal financial aid resources available and on scholarships supporting all Hispanic students, including those granted Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals and non-U.S. citizens. We will continue to work towards increasing the number of Hispanic teachers through innovative strategies, such as our #LatinosTeach social media campaign launched this month.

And just this Monday, the White House, as part of Hispanic Heritage Month celebrations, honored Latino Educators “Champions of Change” who are doing extraordinary work to educate the next generation of Americans. These Champions have distinguished themselves by devoting their time and energy to creating opportunities for young people to succeed, particularly in low-income communities. The event showcased these leaders and the exceptional contributions to this country. Because, we know that by highlighting progress in action, we will ensure a bright future for the Hispanic community.

Alejandra Ceja is the Executive Director of the White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for Hispanics

Keeping our Boys in School: Why investing in all of America’s young people is a social and economic imperative

Every year, thousands of children are suspended or expelled from preschool in the United States.[1] Yes, three- and four-year olds are removed from the classroom at this early age. The findings from the U.S. Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights’ recent Civil Rights Data Collection highlight the outcomes of school discipline policies and practices throughout the country. It is considerably difficult to ignore the implications of these facts on access and attainment of a quality education. In particular, exclusionary discipline policies in schools across the United States disproportionately affect boys and young men of color. Policy makers and educators are now coming together at all levels to address the school-to-prison pipeline. This calls for a collaborative and comprehensive solution. It is a shared responsibility to shine the spotlight on parts of our population that have long been underserved – for America’s future and our global competitiveness depend on it.

 

President Obama in a classroom

Let’s talk about facts. Our young men of color, including Hispanic, African American, Asian American and Pacific Islanders, and American Indian and Alaskan Native males, are an at-risk population. Collectively, they are among the fastest-growing segments of our country’s population, representing nearly half of all males under age 18 throughout the country.[2] Studies show that this particular subgroup of the general population is, on average, a year to a year–and-a-half behind girls in reading and writing abilities, and most boys in grades 4-8 are twice more likely than girls to be held back a grade.[3] Data also show that boys are suspended or expelled at higher rates than girls (see figure below). The gender gap is even more prevalent in special education: boys are seven times more likely to be diagnosed with attention deficit disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; in some school districts, they are up to ten times more likely to be diagnosed with serious emotional and behavioral disorders.[4] Further, there are added challenges, because more boys and young men of color live in high-poverty neighborhoods, and/or with only one parent than their white counterparts[5] [6] . It is important that all youth in these circumstances, including boys and young men of color, receive the academic, emotional, and social support they critically need. President Barack Obama may be the first person of color to become president in our nation’s history – but the disparities facing these young men remain alive and well.

 

Students Expulsion and Suspensions by genderIn light of demographic projections, it is important to recognize that our nation’s future is inextricably linked to ensuring the success of all groups of young people, including these young men. For example, it is expected that Latino males ages 10-24 will grow by 3.7 million between 2013 and 2040 while the white male population in that age category will actually decline by 2.6 million.[7] Recognizing America’s changing landscape has never been more necessary. Policies that strengthen communities are critical to ensuring that we keep all young people in school rather than charting a path to the juvenile justice system by suspending them or expelling them for minor offenses. An educated workforce is key to America’s global competitiveness, and as a nation, we cannot stand idle while other countries out-educate and out-compete us. Addressing the school to prison pipeline also benefits our economy. Studies show that exclusionary discipline policies have direct financial implications for a school district. In California, the Fresno Unified School District saw 32,180 school days missed due to suspensions, resulting in more than a million dollars lost in funding based on students’ average daily attendance.[8] Just like in this district, there are millions of dollars being lost due to student suspensions all across the nation.

 
Of course, we cannot begin to address the issue if we aren’t aware of it.

 

This past summer, I worked as a policy intern at the White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for Hispanics (Initiative) at the U.S. Department of Education. The Initiative works with stakeholders in the private and public sectors to advance a strategic policy and outreach agenda to help tackle critical education challenges facing the Hispanic community, including discipline policies that disproportionately impact young men of color, including Hispanics. The Obama Administration has made equity and opportunity for all Americans a priority. In particular, the inequities that continue to exist in many pockets across the nation for many, including our young boys and men of color, have galvanized action and a movement.

 

Earlier this year, President Obama launched the My Brother’s Keeper Initiative (MBK) which aims to address opportunity gaps faced by boys and young men of color and ensure that all young people can reach their full potential. Through MBK, the private and philanthropic sectors have also come together to invest in the best practices addressing key issues that help all young people, including young boys and men of color, succeed. As part of this effort, the U.S. Departments of Education and Justice, along with organizations across the country are working to reduce counterproductive policies like zero-tolerance that can lead to disproportionate school suspensions and expulsions. Most recently, the President highlighted the Council of Great City Schools’ commitment wherein sixty of the nation’s largest urban school districts have created an eleven-point plan that stretches from early childhood to graduation, including programs to reduce suspensions and expulsions. In that same vein, the private sector has announced multi-million dollar investments to create mentoring programs and additional programs to address disparities in school climate. [9]

 

In that same spirit, it is up to all of us – educators, students, parents, non-profits, business, community leaders, government and faith-based leaders – to work together and invest in America’s education. How can one invest? Invest your time by becoming a mentor in your community. Research shows that the presence of a mentor helps significantly improve the lives of a young person. There are various opportunities to become a mentor. You can join the President’s call for mentors here. In the words of my school’s founder Benjamin Franklin, keep in mind that “an investment in knowledge pays the best interest.”

Jesus Perez is an International Relations major and the junior class president at the University of Pennsylvania. As an intern for the White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for Hispanics during the Summer of 2014, he worked to enhance and advance the President’s My Brother’s Keeper initiative.

[1] http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/docs/053014_mbk_report.pdf

[2] http://www.census.gov/

[3] http://nces.ed.gov/datatools/index.asp?DataToolSectionID=4

[4] http://www.ihep.org/assets/files/publications/m-r/(Brief)_Men_of_Color_Latinos.pdf

[5] http://www.hiponline.org/storage/documents/SELECT_COMMITTEE_REPORT_ACTION_PLAN_FINAL.pdf

[6] http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/docs/053014_mbk_report.pdf

[7] http://www.hiponline.org/storage/documents/hip-menandboys-the-right-to-dream.pdf

[8] http://csgjusticecenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/The_School_Discipline_Consensus_Report.pdf

[9] http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2014/07/21/fact-sheet-president-obama-applauds-new-commitments-support-my-brother-s

My Brother’s Keeper Data Jam: Old World Values with New World Strategies and Tools

Cross-posted from the U.S. Department of Education blog, Homeroom

Students at the Data Jam

Nearly 20 teams worked through the day on crafting compelling ways to show data and creative solutions to chronic challenges. (Photo credit: U.S. Department of Education)

 

When President Obama launched the My Brother’s Keeper Initiative, he called on Americans to make sure that every American — including our boys and young men of color — can reach their full potential. On August 2, over 150 people showed up early on a Saturday morning for a “Data Jam” hosted by the U.S. Department of Education, in partnership with Georgetown University and the Beeck Center for Social Impact and Innovation. The Jam took place at Georgetown Downtown in Washington, D.C.

The My Brother’s Keeper Data Jam brought together a diverse group of high school students, teachers, data scientists, data visualization experts, developers and community and non-profit leaders. The aim was to find new and better ways to use data to highlight opportunities and create solutions that can improve life outcomes for all students, including boys and young men of color. It was a powerful day.

A group of young men started us off with compelling spoken word performances that reminded all in attendance of the incredible challenges they face and enormous potential they hold. While acknowledging the role they had to play in changing the narrative of their own lives, they made plain the real danger and risks they face each day and expressed frustration in having to overcome the negative stereotypes that are applied to them and their peers.

The attendees then broke into teams focused on the six universal goals outlined in the My Brother’s Keeper 90 Day Task Force Report– entering school ready to learn; reading at grade level by third grade; graduating from high school ready for college and career; completing post-secondary education or training; successfully entering the workforce; and reducing violence and providing a second chance. The teams were designed to capitalize on the range of perspectives and expertise among the participants. The student and teacher team members almost uniformly commented that they had never before been engaged in developing or even asked about tools and resources that impact their daily lives.

Nearly 20 teams worked through the day on crafting compelling ways to show data and creative solutions to chronic challenges – ranging from strategies to reduce preschool suspensions and expulsions to websites that enable students to find career paths and the required education or training to access them. At the end of the day, seven teams were voted by other participants as having the most promising ideas, and those teams committed to moving these and other ideas forward.

We are excited about the ideas that emerged and anxiously await seeing these ideas in action. We are even more excited about the lessons learned from the day and how they will improve future Data Jams that I am sure other colleges and universities will be clamoring to host. But we are most excited by the demonstration of commitment and unbelievable energy of the individuals and teams that participated. With no cash prizes or press coverage, these people leaned in and showed a big part of what My Brother’s Keeper is all about – people coming together to help our young people and the country. The Data Jam simply applied a little technology and innovation to that simple but profound concept and left many of us feeling inspired.

Yet, nothing was as inspiring to me as the time I had during lunch with the youth in attendance. They asked how I got where I am; how I avoided and dealt with the violence in my neighborhood; how best to survive and excel on campuses where they, for the first time, might come across few people with similar backgrounds and experiences; and many other questions about life as they know it and imagine it. They shared their stories of struggle and triumph as well as their plans for the future and the impact they plan to have on the world. Their questions and their stories reminded me, as one young man said in the morning session, they are “overcoming every day.” So if we create ladders of opportunity, they are more than willing to climb. And, that, too, is a big part of what My Brother’s Keeper is all about.

Jim Shelton is Deputy Secretary at the U.S. Department of Education and Executive Director of the My Brother’s Keeper Task Force.

The My Brother’s Keeper initiative is a collaborative, multi-disciplinary approach led by an interagency federal task force to build ladders of opportunity and unlock the full potential of our young people, including boys and young men of color. Learn more about My Brother’s Keeper.

The Beeck Center for Social Impact & Innovation at Georgetown University exists to inspire and prepare students, faculty and global leaders with the necessary skills to generate and innovate solution-based social change both locally and internationally. It will promote collaborative spaces for fostering innovation and provide experiential opportunities to pragmatically impact the social sector. Learn more about the Beeck Center.

My Brother’s Keeper: Voices of Young Men in Denver

Cross-Posted from the U.S. Department of Education blog, Homeroom

Sometimes, all it takes is an honest conversation to be reminded of the power and courage of so many of our country’s students. Earlier this month, the White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for Hispanics convened 10 Hispanic young men from the Denver area to sit down with U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan, Colorado Lt. Governor Joe Garcia, Metropolitan State University (MSU) of Denver President Stephen Jordan, and a few other guests, to have just that – an honest conversation.

The roundtable was held at MSU Denver. The young men were students at MSU Denver or at area high schools, and they shared stories about their lives, the challenges they have faced and overcome, the supports that have helped them through, and the things they believe need to be changed or improved to help more Hispanics and other young men of color succeed.

Many of the high school students are regular participants in activities with Padres y Jovenes Unidos, a nonprofit organization that seeks to improve educational equity for Denver students. They shared their experiences around issues like school discipline and need for mentorships. In the video below, you’ll see that the conversation was powerful and moving. It provided insight into how we as a society need to support all people, including boys and young men of color, and reminded us of the potential that exists in them.

Marco DavisMarco Davis is the Deputy Director of the White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for Hispanics

Hispanic Males in Education: What the Numbers Say

The President recently launched the My Brother’s Keeper initiative to build ladders of opportunity for all youth, including boys and young men of color. The effort aims to improve measurably the expected educational and life outcomes for youth and address the persistent opportunity gaps faced by boys and young men of color, including Hispanics. The White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for Hispanics (Initiative) is working to advance the goals of My Brother’s Keeper for the Hispanic community. To carry out its mission, in January the Initiative convened a roundtable discussion with a group of academics, researchers, practitioners, funders, and thought leaders whose work addresses issues Latino males face.

In the Initiative’s initial research – confirmed by the dialogue at the roundtable, something became clear; there is a lack of sufficient exploration of this issue for the Hispanic population. The amount of data collection and analysis, of scholarship, of resources invested, and of general public awareness about the situation of Hispanic boys and young men needs to increase, to remove barriers that prevent young Latino males from contributing fully to their communities and society.

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My Brother’s Keeper

Yesterday, the President announced a new initiative, “My Brother’s Keeper”, which is focused on advancing opportunity for young men of color and making sure that “if you work hard and play by the rules, you should be able to get ahead.” The initiative will focus on implementing strategies that are proven to get results, particularly at key transition or impact points, like beginning school ready to learn and reducing negative interactions with the criminal justice system. The White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for Hispanics has been working in support of this initiative, with a particular focus on improving academic and other outcomes for young Latino males, and will continue to engage the Hispanic community to advance the President’s goals. To that end, the Initiative recently organized a meeting for academics, researchers, funders and thought leaders to discuss young Latino males, the issues they face, and the potential they hold for America.

“As a group, young Latino males make up the greatest untapped economic resource in the U.S. today.”

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