Key research studies on early learning effectiveness
A powerful research case backs up the Obama administration's Preschool for All proposal. Here are some of the key studies:
Barnett, W. S., & Masse, L. N. (2007). Early childhood program design and economic returns: Comparative benefit-cost analysis of the Abecedarian program and policy implications, Economics of Education Review, 26, 113-125. Retrieved from http://nieer.org/sites/nieer/files/BenefitCostAbecedarian.pdf
Barnett, W. S. & Nores, M. (2012).Estimated Participation and Hours in Early Care and Education by Type of Arrangement and Income at Ages 2 to 4 in 2010. National Institute for Early Educational Research, 1-19. Retrieved from http://www.nieer.org/sites/nieer/files/ECE%20Participation%20Estimations.pdf
Barnett, W.S., Jung, K., Youn, M., Frede, E. Abbott Preschool Program Longitudinal Effects Study: Fifth Grade Follow-Up (2013). Rutgers, NJ: National Institute for Early Education Research, 1-34. Retrieved from http://nieer.org/sites/nieer/files/APPLES%205th%20Grade.pdf
Bartik, T. J., Gormley, W., & Adelstein, S. (2011). Earnings benefits of Tulsa's pre-K program for different income groups. Economics of Education Review. 31(6), December 2012, 1143-1161.
Campbell, F. A., Ramey, C. T., Pungello, E. P., Sparling, J., & Miller-Johnson, S. (2002). Early childhood education: Young adult outcomes from the Abecedarian Project. Applied Developmental Science, 6, 42-57.
Campbell, F.A., Pungello, E. P., Burchinal, M., Kainz, K., Pan, Y.; Wasik, B.H., Barbarin, O.A., Sparling, J.J., & Ramey, C.T. (2012) Adult outcomes as a function of an early childhood educational program: An Abecedarian Project follow-up. Developmental Psychology, 48(4), 1033-1043.
Deming, D. (2009). Early childhood intervention and life-cycle skill development: Evidence from Head Start. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 1(3), 111-134.
Garces, Eliana, Duncan Thomas and Janet Currie (2002). "Longer-Term Effects Of Head Start," American Economic Review, 92(4), 999-1012. Retrieved from http://www.nber.org/papers/w8054
Gormley Jr., W. T., Gayer, T., Phillips, D., & Dawson, B.(2005). The effects of universal pre-k on cognitive development. Journal of Developmental Psychology, 41(6), 872-884. Retrieved from http://birthtofivepolicy.org/Portals/0/pdfs/the effects of universal pre-K.pdf
Gormley, W. T., Phillips, D., & Gayer, T. (2008). Preschool programs can boost school readiness. Science, 320(5884), 1723. Retrieved from http://nieer.org/resources/research/Gormley062708.pdf
Heckman, J. J., & Kautz, T. D. (2012). Hard evidence on soft skills. National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Paper 18121. http://www.nber.org/papers/w18121
Heckman, J. J., Moon, S. H., Pinto, R., Savelyev, P. A., Yavitz, A. (2009). The rate of return to the High/Scope Perry Preschool Program. National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper 15471. Retrieved from http://www.nber.org/papers/w15471
Heckman, J. J., Moon, S. H., Pinto, R., Savelyev, P. A., Yavitz, A. (2010). A New cost-benefit and rate of return analysis for the Perry Preschool Program: A Summary. National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper 16180. Retrieved from http://www.nber.org/papers/w16180
Lamy, C., Barnett, W. S., & Jung, K. (2005). The effects of New Jersey's Abbott preschool program on young children's school readiness. National Institute for Early Education Research Rutgers University, 1-16. Retrieved from http://nieer.org/resources/research/multistate/nj.pdf
Lipsey, M.,Farran, D. ,Bilbrey,C.,Hoffer, K.,Dong, N. (2011). Initial Results of the Evaluation of the Tennessee Voluntary PreK Program. Peabody Research Institute, Vanderbilt University, 1-41. Retrieved from http://peabody.vanderbilt.edu/docs/pdf/PRI/New%20Initial%20Results%20of%20the%20Evaluation%20of%20TN-VPK.pdf
OECD (2012). Education at a Glance 2012: OECD Indicators. OECD Publishing. Retrieved from http://www.oecd.org/edu/EAG%202012_e-book_EN_200912.pdf
Reynolds, A. J., Temple, J. A., Robertson, D. L., & Mann, E. A. (2002). Age 21 cost-benefit analysis of the Title I Chicago Child-Parent Centers. (2002). Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 24(4 24-267-303), 264-303.
Reynolds, A.J., Temple, J.A., Robertson, D.L., Mann, E. (2001). Long term effects of an early childhood intervention on educational achievement and juvenile arrest. Journal of the American Medical Association, 285 (18). Retrieved from http://www.ccfc.ca.gov/pdf/help/chicago_cpc_jama.pdf
Reynolds, A. J., Temple, J. A., White, B. A. B., Ou, S., & Robertson, D. L. (2011). Age 26 cost-benefit analysis of the Child-Parent Center early education program. Child Development, 82(1), 379 404.
Schweinhart, L. J., Montie, J., Xiang, Z., Barnett, W. S., Belfield, C. R., & Nores, M. (2005). Lifetime effects: The High/Scope Perry Preschool study through age 40. Monographs of the High/Scope Educational Research Foundation, 14. Ypsilanti, MI: High/Scope Educational Research Foundation. http://www.highscope.org/Content.asp?ContentId=219
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families (January 2010). Head Start Impact Study. Final Report. Washington, DC. http://www.acf.hhs.gov/node/8375
Weiland, C., & Yoshikawa, H. (2013). The impacts of an urban public prekindergarten program on children's mathematics, language, literacy, executive function, and emotional skills. Child Development (in press).