President Obama at My Brother’s Keeper Town Hall: “America Will Succeed If We Are Investing in Our Young People.”

Cross-posted from the White House Blog.

Yesterday afternoon, President Obama visited the Walker Jones Education Campus in Washington, D.C., to participate in a town hall with youth, and to announce new commitments in support of the My Brother’s Keeper Initiative.

As the President said, “We want fewer young men in jail; we want more of them in college. We want fewer young men on the streets; we want more in the boardrooms. We want everybody to have a chance to succeed in America. And it’s possible if we’ve got the kind of team that we set up today.”

Watch President Obama answer questions during the town hall:

In February, as part of his plan to make 2014 a year of action focused on expanding opportunity for all Americans, the President unveiled the My Brother’s Keeper Initiative to address persistent opportunity gaps faced by boys and young men of color and ensure that all young people can reach their full potential.

The Administration is doing its part by identifying programs and policies that work, and recommending action that will help all our young people succeed. Since the launch of My Brother’s Keeper, the President’s Task Force has met with and heard from thousands of Americans, through online and in-person listening sessions, who are already taking action.

Now, leading private sector organizations announced independent commitments that further the goals of the My Brother’s Keeper initiative and directly address some of the key recommendations in the Task Force ReportThese commitments include:

  • The NBA, the National Basketball Players Association, and the National Basketball Retired Players Association announced a five-year commitment in partnership with MENTOR: The National Mentoring PartnershipTeam Turnaround, and the Council of Great City Schools. The partnership will focus on recruiting new mentors and work with educators in at-risk schools to provide incentive programs that increase attendance and improve overall school performance.
  • AT&T announced an $18 million commitment to support mentoring and other education programs with a mentoring component.
  • Becoming A Man (B.A.M.) and Match tutoring programs announced $10 million in new funding to expand to 3-5 new cities over the next three years and support a large-scale study on the programs’ long-term effects.
  • Along with their partners from Silicon Valley and elsewhere, the Emerson Collective, founded by Laurene Powell Jobs, will collaborate with districts and educators to launch a competition to find and develop the best designs for next generation high schools. Together, they will contribute $50 million for this effort.
  • Citi Foundation is making a three-year, $10 million commitment to create ServiceWorks, a national program to help 25,000 young people in ten cities across the U.S. develop skills they need to prepare for college and careers.
  • Yesterday, the leaders of 60 of the largest school systems in the country, which collectively educate nearly three million of America’s male students of color, have joined in an unprecedented pledge to change life outcomes of boys and young men of color by better serving these students at every stage of their education.
  • The College Board is investing more than $1.5 million for “All In,” a national College Board program to ensure that 100 percent of African American, Latino, and Native American students with strong AP potential enroll in at least one matched AP class before graduation.
  • Discovery Communications will invest more than $1 million to create an original independent special programming event to educate the public about issues related to boys and men of color and address negative public perceptions of them.

Learn more about the My Brother’s Keeper initiative, including previous commitments and steps the President’s My Brother’s Keeper Task Force is taking.

Cameron Brenchley is Senior Digital Strategist in the Office of Digital Strategy.

#ThankATeacher and Share on Teacher Appreciation Day

ThankATeacher

Peter Markes (@PeterMarkes) the 2014 Oklahoma Teacher of the Year, and Edmond North High School Orchestra Director, tweeted his #ThankATeacher sign during a visit to the U.S. Department of Education headquarters.

Tuesday, May 6, is National Teacher Appreciation Day, and we want your help in thanking a teacher that has inspired you. Click below to download our “#ThankATeacher” sign, fill it out, and on Tuesday, May 6, post your picture on social media using the hashtag #ThankATeacher.

There’s no doubt that teachers deserve a special week and day, but our appreciation and support for teachers needs to be a year-round effort. At the U.S. Department of Education, one of our top priorities is to continue to strengthen the teaching profession. Read more about the Obama Administration’s plan to improve teacher preparation, leading from the classroom through Teach to Lead, and the RESPECT proposal to elevate teaching and leading so that all of our students are prepared to meet the demands of the 21st century.

Download your #ThankATeacher sign!

Cameron Brenchley is director of digital strategy at the U.S. Department of Education.

 

Show Your College Pride with First Lady Michelle Obama

As part of First Lady Michelle Obama’s effort to encourage children to reach higher and pursue higher education, she will be visiting San Antonio on Friday to speak at the city’s College Signing Day.

First Lady Michelle Obama

First Lady Michelle Obama meets with students in a pre-K classroom at the Yu Ying Public Charter School, a Chinese-immersion, International Baccalaureate elementary school in Washington, D.C., March 4, 2014. (Official White House Photo by Amanda Lucidon)

College Signing Day is part of Destination College, a week of events started by Mayor Julián Castro to celebrate San Antonio as both a college town and a college-going town. To celebrate their commitment to higher education, San Antonio residents show their support by wearing college apparel on Signing Day. (Watch a video of U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan attending a Signing Day in San Antonio).

To inspire students across the country to consider applying to college, we’re encouraging journalists, celebrities, government officials, and YOU to wear college gear on Friday, May 2. It can be as simple as a hat, tie, sweatshirt or socks–anything to help get the word out. We would be honored if you would join this effort and wear your college apparel on Friday and share photos on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Vine or any social media platform using the hashtag #ReachHigher.

In her remarks on Friday, the First Lady will highlight the significance of pursuing and completing some form of higher education and the importance of students doing their part to answer the President’s ‘North Star’ Education Goal that by the year 2020, America once again has the highest proportion of college graduates in the world.

Cameron Brenchley is director of digital strategy at the U.S. Department of Education

Teaching English Learners: A New Educator’s Practice Guide from the What Works Clearinghouse

We have better, stronger evidence about teaching academic content to English learners than we did a decade ago. That’s the conclusion of a new guide for educators from the U.S. Department of Education’s What Works Clearinghouse. The guide — Teaching Academic Content and Literacy to English Learners in Elementary and Middle Schoolrecommends four practices for instructing English learners and provides advice on how to carry out the practices, including sample lessons. The guide is geared to a wide spectrum of educators who are not necessarily specialists in instructing English learners: classroom teachers, content-area teachers, special education teachers, administrators, para-educators, and instructional coaches.

EL-guide

To produce the guide, the What Works Clearinghouse engaged a panel of eight distinguished education researchers and district-based curriculum experts to review and rate the research evidence, develop the recommendations, provide concrete examples of the recommendations in action, and summarize tips for successful classroom implementation.

The guide offers four recommendations. They are: 1) Teach a set of academic vocabulary words intensively across several days using a variety of instructional activities; 2) Integrate oral and written English language instruction into content-area teaching; 3) Provide regular, structured opportunities to develop written language skills and 4) Provide small-group instructional intervention to students struggling in literacy and English language development.

Each recommendation is accompanied by tips on carrying out the recommendations.  For example, to implement the first recommendation, the guide suggests choosing brief, engaging informational text that includes academic vocabulary and selecting a set of academic vocabulary words for in-depth content instruction. The guide recommends teaching the vocabulary using multiple modalities and word-learning strategies—such as context clues, word parts and cognates—to help students independently figure out the meanings of words. Each of these suggestions is amplified by even more detailed guidance and lesson plans that further illustrate the recommendations in action.  A “Putting It All Together” section at the end of each recommendation incorporates all of the “how-to-steps” into a lesson cycle, to be implemented over a few days, that demonstrates the lesson in its entirety.  All in all, the guide has over 20 supplemental activities for instructors. And because the panelists are familiar with the difficulties of implementing new practices, each recommendation is followed by a section called “Roadblocks and Solutions,” which anticipates potential hurdles and offers advice on how to get over them.

This guide is one of 18 Educator’s Practice Guides published since 2006 by the What Works Clearinghouse.  Each guide addresses a practical education topic related to classroom instruction, school organization, or keeping students on track. Other recent guides have addressed teaching math to young children and writing instruction in the early elementary grades.

Be sure to register for our May 1 (3pm EDT) online presentation and discussion on the guide with panel members Scott Baker, Nonie Lesaux, and C. Patrick Proctor.  The hosts will discuss the recommendations and answer your questions. Register here.

Vanessa Anderson is a research scientist and project officer at the What Works Clearinghouse

Taking Action to Improve Teacher Preparation

Recruiting, preparing, developing and supporting great teachers has a direct impact on the learning and success of America’s students. Research confirms that the most important in-school factor in a student’s success is a strong teacher, and excellent teachers are especially important for our neediest students. However, the vast majority of new teachers – almost two-thirds – report that their teacher preparation program left them unprepared for the realities of the classroom.

President Obama believes that we need to give schools the resources to keep good teachers on the job and reward the best ones, and give teachers the flexibility to teach with creativity and passion. Earlier today, the President directed the U.S. Department of Education to lay out a plan to strengthen America’s teacher preparation programs for public discussion by this summer, and to move forward on schedule to publish a final rule within the next year.

Teacher Prep StatsThe Administration’s plans will:

  • Build on state systems and efforts and the progress in the field to encourage all states to develop their own meaningful systems to identify high- and low-performing teacher preparation programs across all kinds of programs, not just those based in colleges and universities.
  • Ask states to move away from current input-focused reporting requirements, streamline the current data requirements, incorporate more meaningful outcomes, and improve the availability of relevant information on teacher preparation.
  • Rely on state-developed program ratings of preparation programs – in part – to determine program eligibility for TEACH grants, which are available to students who are planning to become teachers in a high-need field in a low-income school, to ensure that these limited federal dollars support high-quality teacher education and preparation.

These critical changes will help to increase recognition for high-performing teacher preparation programs, and create a much-needed feedback loop to provide information to prospective teachers, schools and districts, and the general public, and drive improvement across programs.

Read more about the Obama Administration’s proposal, get a pdf copy of our teacher prep infographic, and visit ed.gov/teaching to learn about additional ways the administration is ensuring that teachers and leaders have the support they need from preparation and through their careers.

How Can the Department of Education Increase Innovation, Transparency and Access to Data?

Despite the growing amount of information about higher education, many students and families still need access to clear, helpful resources to make informed decisions about going to – and paying for – college.  President Obama has called for innovation in college access, including by making sure all students have easy-to-understand information.

Now, the U.S. Department of Education needs your input on specific ways that we can increase innovation, transparency, and access to data.  In particular, we are interested in how APIs (application programming interfaces) could make our data and processes more open and efficient.

APIs are set of software instructions and standards that allow machine-to-machine communication.  APIs could allow developers from inside and outside government to build apps, widgets, websites, and other tools based on government information and services to let consumers access government-owned data and participate in government-run processes from more places on the Web, even beyond .gov websites. Well-designed government APIs help make data and processes freely available for use within agencies, between agencies, in the private sector, or by citizens, including students and families.

Read More

Listening and Learning at the International Summit on the Teaching Profession

ISTP 2014

Delegations from high-performing education systems across the globe gathered for the 4th International Summit on the Teaching Profession in New Zealand.

At the end of March, National Education Association President Dennis Van Roekel, American Federation of Teachers President Randi Weingarten, Chris Minnich, executive director of the Council of Chief State School Officers, and I joined delegations from high-performing and rapidly improving education systems across the globe for the 4th International Summit on the Teaching Profession. Whether large or small, highly decentralized or not, countries share a common desire to create a high-quality education system that prepares all children for success in their personal and professional lives. The summits provide a unique opportunity for education ministers and teacher leaders to come together to learn from each other, share best practices, and look for ways to replicate or adapt back home what other countries are doing well.

New Zealand welcomed us with a powhiri, the traditional Maori ceremony, which is something most of the international guests and I had never seen. It was a beautiful and moving welcome and I was honored, as the host of the first summit in 2011, to accept the New Zealand challenge for a successful 4th summit on behalf of the international community. Many thanks to New Zealand Minister of Education Hekia Parata and her team for being gracious hosts during the summit.

This year’s summit focused on Excellence, Equity and Inclusiveness. There was complete agreement that where you live or what your parents do for a living should not determine your access to a quality education. We need to invest in education to close opportunity gaps that exist for too many children and create learning environments that allow all children to thrive. Using PISA 2012 data, OECD showed that there’s a false choice between equity and excellence: education systems as diverse as Korea and Canada can, and do, achieve both.

Maori Welcome

The International delegations began the summit in New Zealand with an official Maori welcome ceremony.

The countries represented at the summit stressed strong support for early interventions to help children start school healthy and ready to learn—one minister even suggested early learning as the focus of the next summit. Many of the countries around the table, including our New Zealand hosts, have a stronger commitment to early childhood education than we do in the U.S. Young children in New Zealand can receive 20 hours of free early learning opportunities each week. Data show that 95 percent of New Zealand children have had some early childhood education when they start school. The U.S. rate of 65 percent pales in comparison.  

During the summit, we also talked a lot about teacher leadership and collaboration. For example, Canada involves teachers in making and implementing policy. Representatives from Singapore talked about the importance of consultation and feedback, as well as the country’s three career tracks, which provide different options for teachers’ career progression. New Zealand discussed its proposed program to create new roles and pathways, while Hong Kong mentioned a new school leadership program. These interventions and many others confirmed to me that our new Teach to Lead (T2L) initiative and our ongoing labor-management collaboration mirror what high-performing systems are doing.

I came away from the summit discussions with a renewed energy and commitment to early learning teacher leadership and collaboration, and to continuing the challenging work of education improvement. The U.S. delegation committed publicly to:

  • Continue to work to increase access to high-quality early learning opportunities,
  • Increase opportunities for teacher leadership,
  • And, support labor-management collaboration to increase learning for all students.

Dennis, Randi, Chris and I are already moving ahead on our commitments and will report back on our progress to the international community next year at the 5th summit in Alberta, Canada.  Little did we know three years ago, when we hosted the first international summit, that it would become an international community of practice dedicated to enhancing the teaching profession to improve learning for all students. Now, let’s get to work.

Arne Duncan is the U.S. Secretary of Education

Fact: Too many career-training programs lead to low wages, high debt

One common reason students go to college, or to some other form of education after high school, is to get training that will lead to a job. A good job—one that makes the training they got worth whatever money and time they spent and worth whatever debt they had to take on.

That motivation is especially behind students’ enrollment in what are known as gainful employment programs. Found at two-year and four-year colleges and universities, public and private, nonprofit and for-profit, brick-and-mortar and online, these programs exist with the explicit mission of training students for work in a recognized occupation, and it is on that condition that the students who attend gainful employment programs are eligible for federal grants and loans.

Some of these programs empower students to succeed by providing high-quality education and career training. But too many of these programs, particularly those at for-profit colleges, are failing to do so—at taxpayers’ expense and at the cost of students’ futures.

Students at for-profit colleges represent only about 13 percent of the total higher education population, but about 31 percent of all student loans and nearly half of all loan defaults. In the most recent data, about 22 percent of student borrowers at for-profit colleges defaulted on their loans within three years, compared to 13 percent of borrowers at public colleges.

For-profit colleges can receive up to 90 percent of their revenue from taxpayer dollars, with the additional revenue frequently coming from veterans’ benefits and private student loans. Because they want to turn a profit, they tend to focus on enrolling as many students as possible in their programs, which has led in some cases to well-documented evidence of misleading and aggressive marketing practices.

In March 2014, the Obama Administration announced new steps to address growing concerns about burdensome student loan debt by requiring career colleges to do a better job of preparing students for gainful employment—or risk losing access to federal student aid.

In announcing proposed regulations of career training programs, the U.S. Department of Education illustrated our concern using an alarming statistic about for-profit programs: 72 percent of the programs we analyzed produce graduates who on average earned less than high school dropouts.

That figure drew the attention of a Washington Post feature called “The Fact Checker,” which challenged the Department’s methodology. If you’re reading this blog, you probably know that already. What you may not know is some pretty important information that the Post ignored—information that supports the Department’s statistic and further explains why consumers and taxpayers should be concerned about some career training programs that seek to make a profit. Please take the time to read what’s below and decide for yourself.

The regulations that the administration has proposed will help to strengthen students’ options for higher education by giving all career training programs an opportunity to improve, while stopping the flow of federal funding to the lowest-performing ones that fail to do so. That’s an important balance. It recognizes that career training programs offer millions of Americans an opportunity to further their education so that they can pursue their dreams of gaining a well-paying job, owning a home, and providing for their family. These values are the cornerstone of our nation’s economy and the gateway to the middle class.

There’s no question that “going to college” pays off over the course of a graduate’s career. But data on earnings and debt shows that’s not true for every college program. If you or someone you care about is looking for career training, make sure it’s in an affordable program that has a good chance of delivering on its promise of a good job.

Exploring the Claims of the Washington Post’s “Fact Checker”

Fact Checker: Could attending a for-profit institution actually result in a three out of four chance of earning less than a high school dropout? The claim seems to overturn the widely-held assertion that college-level education will boost earnings.

  • The Fact Checker appears to be misreading a statistic. The datapoint is offered simply to make an observation about the earnings level of graduates, not the boost in earnings they received by attending the program. We know that postsecondary education does in fact boost earnings. Page 16535 of the NPRM includes a discussion, citing independent research confirming this.
  • There likely is an earnings gain in the vast majority of the programs that we evaluated. It just may be the case that a student may be making something less than a high school dropout before they enroll in a program, and three years after they graduated they are still making something less than a high school dropout.

For-profit education institutions are now one of the fast-growing areas in higher education and have a different business model than private universities, which generally don’t pay taxes, and community colleges, which receive state subsidies.

  • The Fact Checker makes an accurate point – unlike public and non-profit institutions, for-profit colleges aim to make money and often have shareholders to consider. Because they want to turn a profit, they tend to focus on enrolling as many students as possible in their programs, which has led in some cases to well-documented evidence of misleading and aggressive marketing practices. Too many consumers do not understand clearly on the front end exactly what their chances are of higher earnings on the back end.
  • The Fact Checker was not very clear in stating that most of the revenue for most for-profits, up to 90% of revenue and beyond, comes from taxpayer dollars.  In a statement about business models, that is an essential piece of information. Their entire business model is based on collecting taxpayer funds.

Labor Department officials said the Education Department’s math is actually an incorrect method for using the weekly wage data. “We wouldn’t report it that way,” one BLS official said. “We don’t know if the workers worked year around.”

  • We don’t know with whom the Fact Checker spoke at BLS, but they in fact do use a 52-week earnings year in at least one of their methodologies, as demonstrated by footnote 2 to the data presented on this page: http://www.bls.gov/OES/current/oes_nat.htm. In other data sets, BLS uses 50.5 weeks, which would not reduce our result of $24,492 by very much.
  • Regardless, we feel that 52 weeks is a fair and reasonable assumption for the work-year of workers who are high school dropouts—of those who work, 87% work 52 weeks a year. (Source: Analysis of 2013 Current Population Survey Outgoing Rotation Group data, http://ceprdata.org/cps-uniform-data-extracts/cps-outgoing-rotation-group/cps-org-data/ ).
  • Additionally, we wanted our comparison point of annual earnings to be easily understandable by the public. The simplest formulation of “annual” is, of course, 52 weeks.

Indeed, an arm of the Education Department, using the same CPS data set, puts the median high school dropout’s annual wage at $22,860 in 2011.

  • The Fact Checker cites a median annual earnings figure of $22,680 from the Current Population Survey conducted by the Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics.  But that figure is from 2011. The most current version of these figures, from 2012, shows the median annual earnings of a high school dropout as $25,876 for those who dropped out between 9th through 12th grade and $22,618 for those who dropped out prior to 9th grade.  (Source: https://www.census.gov/hhes/www/cpstables/032013/perinc/pinc03_1_1_1_1.xls) Combining those groups would give a figure somewhere in between those two calculations, and very close to our estimate of $24,492 

The most recent published Census Bureau average annual wage (from 2009) is $20,241.

  • The Fact Checker cites another annual earnings figure of $20,241, also from the Current Population Survey. But that figure is five years old, from 2009. Further, it is not directly comparable. This statistic is based on mean earnings, while our $24,492 figure is based on median earnings.  Also, this statistic is for people 18 years old and older with any earnings, while ours is for people 25 and over who worked full-time. As the Fact Checker noted, many of those at gainful employment programs come from a range of backgrounds and are likely to be older, so a metric that focuses on 25 and over is more appropriate.

A different Labor Department measure, using information from employers, puts the median annual wage as low as $18,580 for high school dropouts with no training.

  • The third figure cited by the Fact Checker, $18,580, is from a wholly different dataset, the Occupational Employment Statistics program of the Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics. We chose to use the Current Population Survey data, as it is the more commonly referenced data set when examining earnings figures such as this. The CPS directly asks respondents about their earnings during the week. The OES asks employers how many workers they employ in each of a number of coarse wage bins (for example, under $7.50 an hour, $7.50-$9.50, etc.) and then applies a statistical model to estimate average hourly wages. That procedure is imperfect due to the coarseness of the underlying data, so labor economists prefer the CPS. Incidentally, the OES data cited by the Fact Checker uses a 52-week earnings year just as the Department did.  (Source: http://www.bls.gov/OES/current/oes_nat.htm — the annual mean wage is the mean hourly wage multiplied by 40 hours per week and 52 weeks per year.)
  • Further, in the OES data set, $18,580 is the median earnings for a high school dropout with no training. Using this datapoint would imply that students in gainful employment programs have no training prior to their completing their programs. There is simply no basis upon which to make this assumption. The students who attend career-training programs often are older than the typical student and have been previously in the workforce. It is likely they would, in fact, have some prior training. But, rather than make assumptions on this point, we chose to look at all high school dropouts, regardless of training.

Education Department officials defend their method as reasonable but, as it happens, it turned out they used the highest number available.

  • That’s not true. We could have used the 2012 CPS figure for the median annual earnings of a high school dropout, $25,876, for those who dropped out between 9th through 12th grade, but we did not. Instead, we tried to make this statistic as simple as possible to help the public understand, in general terms, that earnings outcomes are often low at many for-profit programs.
  • We could have also used other, higher reference points, such as the median annual earnings of a high school graduate: $33,582 using our methodology ($651 x 52 http://www.bls.gov/emp/ep_chart_001.htm, which would also have been reasonable). But we did not.

The $18,580 figure, by contrast, would improve the results for for-profit institutions to about 49 percent, down from 72 percent.

  • It would also have improved the results for other sectors – community colleges would have dropped to only 20%. The Fact Checker did not make that adjustment.

That still seems high, right? But here’s the strange thing: the numbers are bad for all educational institutions. Buried in the regulation — and not advertised by the Department — is that graduates of 32 percent of community college programs earn less than high school dropouts. “We were surprised by that,” one Education official acknowledged.

  • We never said we were surprised. That is just what the data shows.
  • A key fact that the Fact Checker overlooks is that students in for-profit programs tend to take on far more debt than those in community colleges, where many students do not borrow at all. Of the programs that we evaluated with annual earnings below our comparison point of $24,492, the average median annual loan payment of a for-profit graduate is $1,221, in comparison to just $115 for a community college program—10 times higher.  Further, 75% of the public programs with average earnings below $24,492 have a median loan debt of $0. In comparison, only 8% of the for-profit programs have this result. So, while it is true that a not insignificant percentage of community college programs have earnings below our comparison point of $24,492, the debt of their graduates is far lower.
  • While our proposed rule applies to all gainful employment programs, of the students who are in the lowest-performing programs under our proposed metrics, 98% of them happen to be in programs at for-profit institutions. That is why we stress the generally poor outcomes at for-profits.

Officials also confirmed that graduates of 57 percent of private institutions — a list that includes Harvard’s Dental School but also child care training programs — earn less than high school dropouts.

  • The list includes two post-baccalaureate certificate programs at the Harvard School of Dental Medicine – not all programs at the school. Further, since the Fact Checker’s statement is misleading, we should clarify that we do not have earnings data for these two programs.

Second, on wages, the Department is comparing apples and oranges. The Social Security earnings data obtained by the department includes people who are not working, which would bring down the average wages for programs. But the wage data for high school dropouts only counts people who are working — and it includes all high school dropouts, even people who left school decades earlier.

  • Students enroll in these programs for the purpose of finding gainful employment in a recognized occupation. The Higher Education Act dictates this is the reason these programs can receive federal student aid. The problem is too many of these programs are not leading to jobs with earnings sufficient to allow students to manage their debt – or to jobs at all. We want the bar to be set at full-time work, and that is why we used this dataset as our comparison point. Students don’t go to school to not get a job or to be limited to a part-time occupation. These students – three years after graduating – should be able to earn a full-time wage. Right now, our data shows they do not.  We should not lower the bar just because some programs have not prepared their students to find employment.

As an example of how this might work, imagine taking the same approach to evaluate different departments at an elite college. Three years after graduation, how would the philosophy department fare, on average? Suppose you had five philosophy majors, and one was unemployed, one made $20,000 a year, two made $30,000 a year and one made $40,000. “On average,” the wage is in the program is $24,000 — just enough for the philosophy department at Ivy League U to be labeled as producing graduates earning less than high school dropouts under the department’s metric.

  • The Department’s metrics in the proposed rule do not set any sort of earnings threshold. The Department has chosen to define gainful employment based on whether programs meet the standards of two measures: how much debt former students have relative to their income, and how often they are defaulting. Neither one of those measures uses the earnings of high school dropouts as a benchmark. That comparison was used instead to highlight the Department’s concern that the outcomes for many of these programs should be better.
  • Further, this regulation only applies to gainful employment programs, not other types of programs at an “elite college” or any other college. Implicit in the idea of preparing students for gainful employment is, first, that the program leads to employment and, second, that the employment is gainful – producing wages that allow the graduates to pay their student loan debt. And so, we believe that the standards we have set forth are appropriate.

It’s possible a large percentage of for-profit programs are not serving students well — and that students are emerging from those programs with heavy debts. But this statistic is too fishy to make that case. In straining for a striking factoid, the Education Department went too far. Officials calculated a relatively high figure for the earnings of high school dropouts, compared to other available data. Then they compared it to average wages that likely were adversely affected by recent graduates unable to find employment.

  • Looking at the earnings of individuals who are employed full-time is appropriate as a benchmark, since a program that exists to prepare students for gainful employment should produce graduates who are able to find full-time jobs. The point we are making with the 72% statistic is that too many gainful employment programs, particularly in the for-profit sector, are failing to do so. The inability of graduates of many gainful employment programs to find full-time jobs, or any jobs, is among the issues that concern us and that we seek to address through this rulemaking. To adjust the calculation of our comparison point to account for those that are unemployed would defeat the purpose of making the comparison. We want to see the students who graduate these programs find full-time employment and have earnings that allow them to manage their debt.
  • The average earnings for the graduates of these programs were measured about three years after graduation, which the Fact Checker describes as recent. We believe this is a reasonable point at which to measure earnings as it provides sufficient time for graduates to find jobs and increase earnings.  The most recent BLS data indicates the average (mean) length of unemployment has been about 36 weeks. It is hard to imagine that if a program had in fact prepared a student for gainful employment, the student would, because of other factors, have stayed unemployed for three years – 156 weeks – more than four times as long as the average amount of time an unemployed worker remains unemployed.

Not only were these two datapoints apples and oranges, but the entire comparison to high school dropouts is fairly bogus. There’s a reason academic researchers have not tried to compare the earnings of graduates for-profit colleges to the earnings of high school dropouts — it also would be considered an apples and oranges comparison unworthy of research.

  • Again, we have not set the metrics or their thresholds of the proposed rule based on any earnings threshold. We highlighted this datapoint simply as an easily understandable reference point so that the public can better understand the poor outcomes of some gainful employment programs.  Americans can understand the concept of a high school dropout – they don’t want themselves or their loved ones to be one, and they likely perceive that dropouts have low earnings. What they may not realize is that many for-profit career-training programs do not lead to earnings much above that benchmark. Attending such a program may help them make more money, but maybe not enough to pay off the debt they took on.
  • There may very well be earnings gains in the vast majority of these programs. A student may be making much less than a high school dropout before they enroll in a program, and three years after they graduated they are still making slightly less than a high school dropout. That’s a problem if you have accumulated debt that requires a couple of thousand dollars a year in loan payments. In short, an individual in that situation has gone from worse off to bad off. Too many for-profit programs have this combination of low earnings and high debt—far more than in non-profit career programs, public or private.

You can find more information on the Department of Education’s Notice of Proposed Rulemaking on Gainful Employment, including instructions on how to comment on the proposed regulation, at ED.gov. The Department’s March 14, 2014, news release summarizes the proposal and explains how the rule is designed to protect Americans from predatory, poor-performing career colleges.

Community College Students Talk Transitions with Secretary Duncan

When someone says, “I want to go to college,” a traditional four-year college or university often comes to mind.

Many don’t think of community colleges as an option, even though they are the single largest sector of the U.S. higher education system, enrolling nearly half of all undergraduates each year.

Community colleges provide opportunity and access to millions of students, helping them prepare for a degree at a four-year institution, obtain an associate’s degree, or retrain and retool for the 21st century global economy.

On March 18, Secretary of Education Arne Duncan met with student leaders from the American Student Association of Community Colleges to discuss the importance of community colleges. The student leaders were in Wastington for their annual national Student Advocacy Conference.

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El Departamento de Educación publica el Proyecto para la Participación de los Padres y la Comunidad

El cuarto trimestre del año escolar es generalmente un tiempo de preparación en las escuelas y distritos, ya que se planifican los presupuestos, los horarios escolares, y el desarrollo profesional para el próximo año. En este período de preparación, es importante que las escuelas y distritos discutan cómo apoyar a los padres y a la comunidad para que puedan contribuir al éxito estudiantil.

Para ayudar en esta labor, el Departamento de Educación de EE.UU. se enorgullece en presentar su proyecto para que las escuelas y las comunidades puedan promover la participación de los padres y la comunidad. fce-frameworkEn nuestro país, menos del 25 por ciento de los residentes son menores de 18 años[1], y todos tenemos la responsabilidad de ayudar a que las escuelas tengan éxito. El proyecto de Capacidad Dual es un proceso que muestra a las escuelas y al personal de los distritos cómo promover de manera eficaz la participación de los padres en las escuelas para aumentar el rendimiento estudiantil, y también proporciona un modelo que las escuelas y los distritos pueden utilizar para fomentar la participación de la comunidad, y para que las escuelas sean el centro de nuestras comunidades.

En mi ciudad natal de Baltimore hay un buen ejemplo de cómo los elementos del proyecto pueden conducir a mejorar la participación. Las Escuelas Públicas de la Ciudad de Baltimore dio apoyo a 12,000 hogares con niños en kindergarten y preescolar para involucrar a las familias en las prácticas de alfabetización en el hogar. Cada semana los estudiantes recibieron una bolsa con diferentes libros infantiles galardonados. Así, los niños leyeron aproximadamente 100 libros durante el año. Además de la repartición de libros, también se dio información de capacitación a los padres y cómo compartir los libros para promover la alfabetización en la primera infancia y fomentar el amor por el aprendizaje. Con el programa, las familias también se conectan con las bibliotecas públicas y escolares. Al concluir el programa, los niños reciben su propia bolsa para guardar sus libros y continuar la práctica de préstamo de libros y el hábito de la lectura.

Para obtener más información sobre el Proyecto de Capacidad Dual, y un video presentado por el secretario de Educación, Arne Duncan, por favor revise detenidamente nuestro sitio web, http://www.ed.gov/family-and-community-engagement. En los próximos meses, proporcionaremos recursos e información adicional para que las escuelas, distritos, comunidades y padres puedan aprender más sobre cómo participar en la educación, y cómo compartir la maravillosa labor que desarrolla la capacidad de los padres, escuelas y la comunidad en el apoyo a todos los estudiantes.

Jonathan Brice, subsecretario, Oficina de Educación Primaria y Secundaria, Departamento de Educación de EE.UU.


[1] http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=PEP_2012_PEPAGESEX&prodType=table

Youth CareerConnect: Equipping Students for the Future

President Obama stopped by Bladensburg High School in Maryland on Monday to announce the winners of the inaugural Youth CareerConnect program. The school, along with two other high schools in Prince George’s County, is being awarded $7 million as part of the program. Overall, 24 Youth CareerConnect awards across the country will provide $107 million to high schools and their partners as they redesign the teaching and learning experience for students to more fully prepare them for a successful future.

The program, administered by the U.S. Department of Labor in collaboration with the U.S. Department of Education, will help prepare 2,500 graduates at Bladensburg and other schools to succeed academically and graduate career-ready in high-demand fields such as information technology and health care.

“I’m announcing a new challenge to redesign America’s high schools so they better equip graduates for the demands of a high-tech economy,” Obama said during his 2013 State of the Union address. “We’ll reward schools that develop new partnerships with colleges and employers, and create classes that focus on science, technology, engineering, and math – the skills today’s employers are looking for to fill jobs right now and in the future.”

The Youth CareerConnect program encourages America’s school districts, institutions of higher education, the workforce investment system, and their partners to scale up evidence-based high school models that will transform the high school experience for America’s youth. Participating schools will strengthen America’s talent pipeline through:

  • Integrated Academic and Career-Focused Learning
  • Work-Based Learning and Exposure to the World of Work
  • Robust Employer Engagement
  • Individualized Career and Academic Counseling
  • Integration of Post-secondary Education and Training

Secretary of Education Arne Duncan recently met with a school community in Massachusetts that shares the same approach as the Youth CareerConnect program. Worchester Technical High School, which earned the U.S. Education Department’s recognition as a Blue Ribbon School in 2013 thanks to students’ high performance, meaningfully engages students in relevant experiences that provide a link to future college and career pathways. The school went from being one of the worst in the district to one of the best in the nation with a 95 percent graduation rate and a 1.3 percent dropout rate.

During his visit, Duncan participated in a town hall discussion on career and technical education with high school teachers, community college officials and business leaders.  The school’s strong leadership and willingness to embrace the community left an unforgettable impression on Duncan.

“I don’t know if I’ve ever seen a school that is more open, whether it’s higher ed partnerships, whether it’s business partnerships, whether it’s literally inviting the community into your school every single day … this school is an extraordinary community asset,” he told the audience.

Today’s announcement of the Youth Career Connect program recognizes that many local districts and school leaders, as well as many of their national and local workforce partners, have been working together to provide these workplace relevant opportunities for students for quite some time, and it builds off of the collective experiences of these local partnerships. Ultimately, this program complements additional proposals in the President’s 2015 budget, and supports the President’s broader agenda to strengthen education to more effectively prepare young people for college and careers.

Brenda Dann-Messier is the Assistant Secretary for the Office of Vocational and Adult Education.

Department of Education Releases New Parent and Community Engagement Framework

The fourth quarter of the school year is generally a time of preparation for schools and districts as they finalize next year’s budget, student and teacher schedules, and professional development for the upcoming school year. During this time of preparation, it is important that schools and districts discuss ways that they can support parents and the community in helping students to achieve success.

fce-framework graphicTo help in this work, the U.S. Department of Education is proud to release a framework for schools and the broader communities they serve to build parent and community engagement. Across the country, less than a quarter of residents are 18 years old or younger, and all of us have a responsibility for helping our schools succeed. The Dual Capacity framework, a process used to teach school and district staff to effectively engage parents and for parents to work successfully with the schools to increase student achievement, provides a model that schools and districts can use to build the type of effective community engagement that will make schools the center of our communities.

An example of how the elements of the framework can lead to improved engagement is exhibited in my hometown of Baltimore. Baltimore City Public Schools worked to support 12,000 pre-kindergarten and kindergarten homes, and to engage families in home-based literacy practices. Each week students received a different bag filled with award-winning children’s books, exposing children, on average, to more than 100 books per year. The book rotation also includes parent training and information on how to share books effectively to promote children’s early literacy skills and nurture a love of learning. Through the program, families are also connected with their local public and school libraries. At the culmination of the program, children receive a permanent bag to keep and continue the practice of borrowing books and building a lifelong habit of reading.

For more information on the Dual Capacity Framework, as well as an introductory video from Secretary of Education Arne Duncan, please take some time and review our website at www.ed.gov/family-and-community-engagement. In the coming months, we will provided additional resources and information, so that schools, districts, communities, and parents can learn more about family and community engagement, as well as, share the wonderful work they are doing to build parent, school, and community capacity that supports all students.

Read a Spanish version of this post.

Jonathan Brice is deputy assistant secretary in the U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Elementary and Secondary Education